Over at Scotteriology, agathos tries to explain “why Biblical scholars and conservative theologians will always disagree.”
In a nutshell, one side of the discussion, conservative inerrantists, prefers a deductive synchronic approach to the text and the other, biblical scholarship, prefers an inductive diachronic approach to the text. These interpretive assumptions and methods are so different as to leave the opposing camps with essentially different Bibles, hence, the arguments.
Once someone has set up a deductive synchronic shield around a text any argument with them is almost pointless, especially, if the shield becomes more important than the text–they are in the Matrix and do not have a context for what you are trying to explain. On the other hand for those that have taken the red pill the methods of biblical scholarship are self evident and any attempt like the character Cypher in the movie to re-enter the Matrix blissfully unaware is impossible. As James notes that would be akin to criminologists stopping the use of fingerprinting.
In the comments he gives some definitions:
diachronic = seen through time, to develop over history
inductive = see what the text actually says and then develop your theory about what it is
synchronic= seen from only one point in time, to always have a fixed meaning
deductive = come to the text with a theory already in place and then use the text to support that theory
I think this is pretty accurate. I’m reminded of a discussion several years ago on an email list that wound up being essentially between me and a pastor who was very dedicated to verbal plenary inspiration. In a nutshell, it went like this:
A perfect being can only produce perfect things. God is perfect. God produced the Bible. Therefore, the Bible is perfect.
That sounds great in theory, but the problem is I’ve actually seen a Bible.
A perfect being can only produce perfect things. God is perfect….
There’s your inductive/deductive distinction right there. And I think it makes a huge difference. None of us are going to approach the text free from bias, but the strict inerrantist assumptions don’t just color your conclusions, they keep certain possibilities from even being considered.